STRENGTHENING PROTECTION OF JAVAN LEOPARDS IN A PRIORITY LANDSCAPE OF MERU BETIRI, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA.
The Javan leopard Panthera pardus melas is one of the most threatened subspecies of leopard. endemic to the Indonesian island of Java, Javan leopards are protected under the Government Regulation No. 7/1999, listed on CITES Appendix I, categorized as Critically Endangered by the IUCN, and among the 25 national priority species targeted for a 10% population increase by 2019. From the nine recognized subspecies, the Javan leopard is among the three most Critically Endangered, along with the Amur leopard and Arabian leopard. Despite this, efforts to reverse the situations are still far from even minimum.
The most recent study confirmed the Javan leopards occupying 22 of 29 suitable landscapes, or only 9% of the Java land, all are heavily isolated one another and mostly extremely too small. Only three of the landscapes are sufficient to support more 50 mature individuals, namely Halimun Salak, Ujung Kulon, and Meru Betiri. However, none of these populations will be sustaining without effective interventions.
The project takes place in Meru Betiri National Park, one of four core areas of the UNESCO’s Belambangan Biosphere Reserve . The project’s long-term goal is to increase the Javan leopard population in MBNP by 50% compared to the baseline data within 10 years. Our strategies are:
- To establish an adaptive wildlife and forest protection program through the implementation of the SMART patrol system.
- To establish a robust monitoring system through the implementation of biennial camera trapping surveys.
- To mainstream the intrinsic values of Javan leopard conservation in MBNP into policies of the provincial government.