SUMATRAN TIGER CONSERVATION IN HUMAN-DOMINATED LANDSCAPE
After the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) was launched in 2007, global resources to protect the last remaining tiger populations have been focused on large, protected tiger conservation landscapes (TCL). As a result, tigers living in smaller, and unprotected landscapes have received little attention and funding. Between 2001 and 2016, about 15% of the remaining tiger population in Sumatra was killed due to conflicts with human, mostly in small human-dominated landscapes outside protected areas. While focusing conservation investment in prime habitats does make sense, losing that many tigers from underfunded small landscapes is unsustainable and requires immediate attention from the conservation community.
West Sumatra is home to Sumatran tigers and other biodiversity. The remaining remnant forests in this human-dominated landscape supports lives and livelihoods of over 5 million people. Here, include three protected areas of Malampah – Alahan Panjang Wildlife Reserve, Maninjau Nature Reserve, and Arau Hilir – Air Terusan Wildlife Reserve. These protected areas and adjacent forests may provide important wildlife corridors between two national parks in two Tiger Conservation Landscapes, namely Batang Gadis and Kerinci Seblat. We want to make sure that the Sumatran tiger in this human-dominated landscape have a future through a holistic approach by implementing sound science conservation measures, maintaining intact of the remaining forest habitats, empowering young conservationists, and engaging local communities.