The Status of The Sumatran Tiger Population and Habitat: lessons and Solutions from Sumatra

Wibisono H. T., and W. Pusparini. 2010
In: Global Tiger Initiative Secretariat. 2012. Managing Tiger Conservation Landscapes and Habitat Connectivity: Threats and Possible Solutions. Experiences from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. The World Bank, Washington, D. C., pp. 14-29


The majority of wild Sumatran tigers persist in 12 Tiger Conservation Landscapes (TCLs) covering approximately 88,000 km² (Sanderson et al. 2006). Despite these large areas of forest, an increase in the rate of habitat fragmentation and loss in recent years threatens the integrity of these landscapes. In addition, continued demand for tiger body parts (Nowell 2000), non-selective ungulate snares, authorized removal of problem tigers (Seidensticker et al. 1999), and retaliatory killing of tigers due to conflict with villagers are the main factors depleting the Sumatran tiger population (Sheppart & Magnus 2004). Strict protection of tiger core areas along with the conservation and restoration of connectivity among TCLs are believed to be the key strategies to conserve tigers and their ecosystem (Walston et al. 2010, Wikramanayake et al. 2011). The Indonesian National Tiger Recovery Program (NTRP) lists three key strategies to double the population of Sumatran tigers by 2022: strengthen law enforcement, implement science-based adaptive management, and improve the legal basis of priority tiger landscapes outside of protected areas (PAs).
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Photo by Balai KSDA Sumatera Barat, SINTAS Indonesia and San Diego Zoo Global