Biodiversity Team

SINTAS Indonesia Biodiversity team sweeping wire-snare from trail that being use to catch Sumatran tiger.

Snare Sweeping in Human Dominated Landscape,
West Sumatra

A Crowdfunding Initiative.

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is the only sub species remaining in Indonesia and the population continue to decline. Since 1996, the Sumatran tiger has been categorized as Critically Endangered by World Conservation Union (IUCN). Sumatran tiger inhabit 23 fragmented landscapes spreading from the north to the south of the Sumatra Island. Our field project takes place in a forest complex dominated by human in West Sumatra province. During 2001-2016 there were more than 75 human-tiger conflict incidents, including incidental tiger snaring. Wildlife snaring is the most direct, lethal, human activity against the Sumatran tigers. Surviving injured tigers often enter human settlements and crop lands causing severe and long-lasting conflict.

In May 2020, local people reported an adult tigress with two cubs appeared in the Nagari Gantung Ciri area, Kubung District, Solok Regency, West Sumatra. Various attempts to drive the tigers back into the forest were made but they kept appearing. An attempt to rescue the tigers using box traps was made, leading to two cubs, namely Putra and Putri, being captured. After being caught, they were taken to a rehabilitation center.

In November, we were involved in the preparation of the release of Putra and Putri. In collaboration with government officers, civil societies, and local tribes, we carried out a series of rapid surveys to identify suitable release sites, prey availability, illegal activities, and to remove snare traps. The surveys identified tiger prey, including wild boar, Sambar deer, Malayan bear, tapir, and dhole. On the other hand, we also found several threats, including hunting camps, bird traps, and forest encroachment. During the survey, the teams also conducted outreach to local people living around the potential release sites, including prohibiting wildlife hunting and encroachment in the release sites.  End of November 2020, Putra and Putri were finally set free back into their home.

On behalf of the Sumatran tigers, we thank your support in helping them to keep alive. Every tiger counts.